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Children Affected
  • As many as 5 out of every 100 children in school may have Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD). Boys are three times more likely than girls to have AD/HD.
  • Information from the National Institute of Mental Health and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that between 2 to 6 per 1,000 children (from 1 in 500 to 1 in 150) have some form of Autism/Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). These disorders are four times more common in boys than in girls, although Rett’s Disorder has only been reported and diagnosed in girls.
  • The rate at which visual impairments occur in individuals under the age of 18 is 12.2 per 1,000. Severe visual impairments (legally or totally blind) occur at a rate of .06 per 1,000.
  • About 500,000 people in America have some form of Cerebral Palsy. Each year 8,000 infants and nearly 1,500 preschool-age children are diagnosed with Cerebral Palsy.
  • Hearing loss and deafness affect individuals of all ages and may occur at any time from infancy through old age. The U.S. Department of Education (2002) reports that, during the 2000-2001 school year, 70,767 students aged 6 to 21 (or 1.3% of all students with disabilities) received special education services under the category of “hearing impairment.”
  • Approximately 4,000 children with Down syndrome are born in the U.S. each year, or about 1 in every 800 to 1,000 live births.
  • In the 2000-2001 school year, 473,663 children and youth with an emotional disturbance were provided special education and related services in the public schools (Twenty-fourth Annual Report to Congress, U.S. Department of Education, 2002). 
  • About two million Americans have epilepsy; of the 125,000 new cases that develop each year, up to 50% are in children and adolescents.
  • As many as 3 out of every 100 people in the country have an intellectual disability (The Arc, 2001). Nearly 614,000 children ages 3 to 21 have some level of intellectual disability and need special education in school (Twenty-sixth Annual Report to Congress, U.S. Department of Education, 2006). In fact, 1 out of every 10 children who needs special education has some form of intellectual disability.
  • As many as 1 out of every 5 people in the United States has a learning disability. Almost 3 million children (ages 3 through 21) have some form of a learning disability and receive special education in school. In fact, over half of all children who receive special education have a learning disability. (Twenty-sixth Annual Report to Congress, U.S. Department of Education, 2006).
  • In the 2002-2003 school year, the states reported to the U.S. Department of Education that they were providing services to 140,209 students with multiple disabilities (Twenty-sixth Annual Report to Congress, U.S. Department of Education, 2006). 
  • More than 1.4 million students served in the public schools’ special education programs in the 2002-2003 school year were categorized as having a speech or language impairment. (Twenty-sixth Annual Report to Congress, U.S. Department of Education, 2006).
  • Approximately 40% of all Americans may have spina bifida occulta, but because they experience little or no symptoms, very few of them ever know that they have it. The other two types of spina bifida, meningocele and myelomeningocele, are known collectively as "spina bifida manifesta," and occur in approximately one out of every thousand births. Of these infants born with "spina bifida manifesta," about 4% have the meningocele form, while about 96% have myelomeningocele form.
  • More than 1 million children receive brain injuries each year. More than 30,000 of these children have lifelong disabilities as a result of the brain injury.
Source: National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities http://www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Default.aspx



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